Lice vs Dandruff - 7 Key Differences Between Lice Eggs and Dandruff

Side-by-side of lice and dandruff in the hair. Top image is lice, bottom image is dandruff

Determining whether those fleck in your kiddos’ hair are lice or dandruff can be a tricky process, especially for anyone with a dry scalp. Dandruff is skin that comes off in flakes or chunks in the hair. Lice eggs (also called “nits”) are the first sign of a head lice infestation. Both lice and dandruff can leave your head itching, so how are you supposed to know which is which? This foolproof guide, loaded with side-by-side pictures, will show you exactly how to tell the difference between lice vs dandruff.

A translucent-golden lice bug hids in blond hair

Many people mistakenly believe that if their child has lice, they will see bugs crawling around in the kid’s hair. In most cases, though, this is simply not true. Lice are actually tiny experts at blending in with hair.

For instance, can you spot the lice bug in this picture?

Looking for Lice Eggs

A single lice egg in hair found while checking for lice

Because lice are so good at hiding and moving quickly, it is pretty rare to see lice bugs early on in an infestation. Instead of looking for fully grown lice bugs, you should focus on finding lice eggs (also called “nits”) in the hair. Unlike adult lice bugs, nits do not move around or hide. These eggs are glued onto the hair strand so they will not fall off. This makes finding lice eggs much easier than finding grown lice. To help out, this tutorial is full of pictures to show you exactly how to check for these lice eggs (nits).

A quick note: If you are new to lice, nits and lice eggs are the same thing. The two phrases will be used interchangeably throughout this article.

Now that you know what you're looking for I want to talk briefly about your biggest worry (that your child actually has lice) and the question I get asked by parents around the world that have been battling lice….


Why Is It So Hard to Get Rid of Lice?

Parents around the world are all asking me the same question…. "Why is it so much harder to get rid of lice now?"

Lice have become immune to everything that used to work in the past. Perhaps you remember your mom using a typical lice treatment or mayonnaise and that doing the trick. The new strain of head lice is no longer killed by those treatments, that’s why lice today are termed by people, “super lice,” because they are immune to those treatments. 

I’ve cured thousands of people of lice in my lice center and let me tell you, I don't do it with over-the-counter lice treatments. 

Most people struggle with lice because they focus all of their attention on killing lice bugs and not enough attention on GETTING RID OF LICE!

If you want to get rid of lice you have to address all 3 of the problems of lice:

  1. Lice Bugs
  2. Lice Eggs
  3. Getting Lice Back

The best way to get rid of lice is to tackle all 3 of these problems at the same time, which is what I teach in Get Rid of Lice Like A Pro.

stop sign and watch (1)


Be sure to WATCH THE VIDEO above and learn the biggest mistakes parents make when it comes to discovering lice.

Here are the links to everything you need:

#1 Lice Eggs are on the SIDE like a Leaf; Dandruff is on TOP like Snow

Side-by-side comparing lice egg and dandruff location on hair strand. Lice eggs appear as a golden leaf on side, dandruff appears as a snowflake on top.

Dandruff rests on top of the hair and can move to another hair strand.

Dandruff isn’t attached to the hair. Dandruff is more like snow on top of the hair.

Nits attach to the SIDE of a single hair strand.

A nit on a hair strand is like a flower with a long stem and a single leaf growing on the side. If the hair strand is the stem of the flower, then a nit is the leaf; it does not wrap around the hair strand.

DEC Plugs (Dandruff) wrap around a hair strand.

Instead of flaking off in hair, DEC Plugs come off around the hair strand. Sometimes they will appear to be on the side of the hair strand because they can be irregularly shaped or centered, but there will always be a part of them that goes all the way around the hair. DEC Plugs are like rings around the hair, easily moved up and down.

#2 – When in Doubt, Try to Pull it Out - Lice Eggs Stick, Dandruff Doesn’t

A lice egg (nit) is shown on a hair strand. A woman tugs at the nit repeatedly, attempting to make it move.
Lice eggs are stuck on the hair strand.

When comparing nits to dandruff, trust the motto “When in doubt, try to pull it out.”

Nits stick on the hair strand with special glue. If you see something you suspect is a nit, try to remove it from the hair. Because of their glue, nits are challenging to remove from the hair strand. You’ll have to tug at them initially to loosen them enough to drag them the entire way down the hair strand.

Nits can’t be washed or brushed out of the hair, and you can’t flick or blow them off. Without a high-quality lice comb, the only way to remove a nit is to squeeze it between two fingers or fingernails and pull the nit down the entire hair strand.

A finger is scratching the scalp and hair. Dandruff is shown moving from hair strand to hair strand.
Dandruff moves easily.

Dandruff, however, can be moved easily: blown, flicked, or brushed aside.

On clean, dry hair, dandruff moves easily from strand to strand simply by blowing or jostling the hair. In greasy or dirty hair, dandruff can get stuck in the oils of the hair, but even so, it will not adhere to the hair strand quite like a nit. In our lice check tutorial, we recommend first having clean, dry hair, and then blowing and jostling the hair to more easily tell the difference between nits and dandruff.

Two fingers move a form of dandruff (DEC Plug) easily up and down a hairstrand
Dandruff (DEC Plug) moves easily up and down.

DEC Plugs are a form of dandruff that wrap around the hair and “stick” on one strand, but unlike nits, these move smoothly up and down the hair strand.

DEC Plugs are commonly confused with lice eggs because they also seem to “stick” on the hair strand. The difference between DEC Plugs and nits, however, is that DEC Plugs easily move up and down the strand of hair, but lice eggs do not move smoothly on the hair strand.

#3 – Teardrop vs. Circular – Lice Eggs are Teardrop

Side-by-side lice egg vs dandruff shape. Tear-dropped lice egg is attached to a single hair strand. Irregularly shaped dandruff in the hair.

Nits are teardrop shaped.

In the hair, nits may appear circular, but when pulled out of the hair and examined (especially on a white paper towel), you can see that they are teardrop shaped, not circular.

Dandruff is irregular in shape.

These flakes usually have jagged, uneven edges. Some dandruff flakes are so small, it’s hard to determine a certain shape.

#4 – Lice Eggs are Golden, Dandruff is White

Side-by-side of lice and dandruff color. Arrow points to golden lice egg (nit) on a white background. Arrow points to white dandruff on black background.

Nits have color to them.

The best way to compare lice vs dandruff is to view nits on a white backdrop, such as a paper towel. Although nits can appear to be white in the hair, especially dark hair, they are usually two-toned (typically golden with a dark brown center).

The color of nits varies from golden to deep brown depending on the maturity of the nit and how close it is to hatching. Hatched nits are translucent (with only the casing remaining), but you can see the tail and outline of the egg when placed on a white paper towel.

Dandruff is white.

Dandruff is seen best against a dark backdrop such as a black shirt.

DEC Plugs are white or yellowish.

They are best seen against a dark backdrop as well.

#5 – Lice Eggs are all the Same Size

Side-by-side of lice and dandruff size, arrow points to areas lice lay eggs that are all the same size, an arrow points to dandruff

Nits are all the same size.

The minimal difference of sizes among nits is undetectable to the naked eye, so nits mostly look the same size to us.

Dandruff and DEC Plugs vary in size.

While some flakes of dandruff can be fairly small, other flakes can be quite big. Unlike nits, dandruff varies greatly in size, and this can usually be seen at a glance.

#6 – Lice Eggs Love Hot Spots

Side-by-side of lice and dandruff areas, an arrow points to areas lice lay eggs, an arrow points to dandruff in the hair

Nits are most prominent in the “hot spots” of the head.

“Hot spots” are the places where lice prefer to lay the most eggs. The most significant hot spot areas are behind the ears and near the nape of the neck.

Dandruff is most prominent near the crown of the head.

Dandruff can be found anywhere on the scalp, but it's usually most concentrated in the regions that secrete the most oil.

#7 – Lice Glue Leaves a Tail

Lice egg (nit) with an arrow pointing to lice egg glue that looks like a tail and lice eggs on a white paper towel

Nit glue looks like a “tail.”

When lice lay eggs in the hair, they attach them to the hair with powerful glue. When you remove a lice egg, the glue is removed with it as well. When you place the egg on a WHITE paper towel that “nit glue” will look like a tail on the end of the egg. Dandruff and DEC Plugs don’t have this glue, so they don’t have any appearance of a tail.


Be sure to WATCH THE VIDEO above and learn the biggest mistakes parents make when it comes to discovering lice.

Here are the links to everything you need:

What's the FASTEST Way To Get Rid of Lice?

The purpose of My Lice Advice is to help parents get rid of lice as fast as possible. And the fastest way to get rid of lice is to get rid of lice in one day, no re-treatments. This is how lice professionals like myself get rid of lice in lice centers. Most people assume that lice professionals use some kind of crazy strong lice product or something. But the truth is that's not how lice professionals get rid of lice so fast....

When I treat lice in my lice center I don't use any toxic chemicals or special treatments. In fact, you can do a professional lice treatment at home without buying any lice products. I teach parents how to do this professional technique on their children at home, on my page Get Rid of Lice Like A Pro!

In Get Rid of Lice Like A Pro! you learn how to get rid of lice in less than a day by doing what the pro's do. And it's gone permanently- there are no re-treatments, and no messing around with lice kits. You do the professional  technique on your child at home, you kill all of the lice and the lice eggs in one session and then you're done with lice. 

That's the FASTEST and MOST EFFECTIVE way to get rid of lice. You can learn how to do it by clicking here.

Here’s a brief review:

7 Key Differences of Lice vs Dandruff

#1 – When in Doubt, Try to Pull it Out - Lice Eggs Stick, Dandruff Doesn’t

#2 – Lice Egg think Leaf; Dandruff think Snow

#3 – Teardrop vs. Circular – Lice Eggs are Teardrop

#4 – Lice Eggs are Golden, Dandruff is White

#5 – Lice Eggs are all the Same Size

#6 – Lice Eggs Love Hot Spots 

#7 – Lice Glue Leaves a Tail

And a picture is worth a thousand words, so here are two pictures, one of lice eggs in the hair and the other of dandruff.


Summing It Up...

Using these seven key differences as a guide, what do you think now? Lice or dandruff? If it’s only dandruff you’ve uncovered, then take a big sigh of relief and simply wash your hair with a dandruff shampoo such as Head and Shoulders or Selsun Blue. If you have dandruff and your head is very itchy I recommend T-gel Stubborn Itch Control Shampoo. BUT- If you’ve discovered lice eggs instead, then it’s time to go to war because you’re dealing with an infestation.

I understand how annoying these little bugs can be (for instance, did you know that 98% of lice are resistant to traditional treatments?), but fortunately, you can stop lice dead in their tracks today. The How to Get Rid of Lice Like a Pro! Online Course teaches you exactly how to get rid of lice in ONE DAY, no retreatments, and no wasting weeks or months trying to figure it out. 

If you’re still scratching your head (pun intended) because you’re not quite sure if what you are looking at is lice eggs vs dandruff, you can check out our article here—What Lice Eggs and Nits Look Like: Pictures of Lice Eggs in Hair—to see more detailed photos of lice eggs in hair.

I also have an infographic at the bottom that will help.

All the best,

Theresa, My Lice Advice


Theresa is a lice expert with years of experience curing children of lice. She currently works with government agencies and non-profit organizations to help children with the most severe head lice infestations in the US.

Originally trained as a Registered Nurse, she changed specialties to study lice. Later, she opened a lice treatment center where she perfected the PRO technique she teaches in the Get Rid of Lice Like A Pro online course. She now works helping those struggling with lice around the world.

She is the creator of, one of the top lice informational websites in the world and she teaches parents around the world how to get rid of lice in less than a day in the Get Rid of Lice Like a Pro online course.

an infographic with lice-specific questions to determine whether you have lice or dandruff

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